Two more optimistic view points.
Firstly on the options for economically sustainable alternate battery technology.
The University of the West of England has produced a report on battery sustainability for the European Commission that finds widespread current battery systems include raw materials that prompt severe environmental and social issues.
The upside may be increased investment in developing battery technologies that do not require resources commonly obtained from ecologically risky sites in countries with political uncertain futures.
Secondly based on current battery technology, a forecast BEV costs could be cost comparable with traditional ICE power as early as 2025.
Until there is a lifetime value or cost assigned to the environment, in the areas where it is not directly protected, the investment dollar/ROI, demand, and consumer need for lowest cost appear likely to override sustainable outcomes?